Central Insecticides Board and Registration Committee
The import, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution, and use of insecticides is regulated by central insecticide board and registration committee in India.
The pesticide in India is regulated by the following two government bodies
- Central Insecticides Board and Registration Committee (CIBRC) and
- Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
Central insecticide board (CIB)
The Central insecticides board advises the central government and state governments on technical matters arising out of the administration of this act and to carry out the other functions assigned to the board by or under this act.
The CIB committee regulates the entry of the new active substances or formulations of pesticide in India.
It is the apex body involving the various expert which evaluates the registrability of a particular molecule in India.
After the approval from CIB the new molecule is included in the Insecticide Schedule. Once CIB approves the new molecule inclusion, the applicant can start the registration process.
Registration committee (RC)
To register insecticide after scrutinizing their formulae and verifying claims made by the importer or the manufacturer as per the case, its efficacy and safety to human being and animals.
Once the new molecule included in insecticide schedule, the applicant is required to obtain the registration of new molecule under various 9(3) categories to legally sell, trade, manufacture or import the new molecule or its formulation in India.
The RC facilitates the registration process through online portal. The various experts in the RC scrutinizes the formulae and verify claims made by the importer or the manufacturer as regards their efficacy and safety to human being and animals.
After the requirements meet satisfactorily, RC presents the Certificate of registration (CR) to applicant.
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
As per the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, the FSSAI has constituted a Scientific Panel with relevant experts which recommends Maximum Residue Level (MRL).
In India, the State Agricultural Universities (SAU‘s)/Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) generate the multi-location supervised field trial data for pesticide residues following GAP on registered crops approved by CIB&RC.
The Food Safety and Standard Authority of India (FSSAI) under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare evaluates the supervised trial residue data based on the approved GAP for fixation of MRL, keeping in view the dietary exposure and risk assessment of the pesticide.